Timeframe: 4 weeks
Tools: Figma, Sketch, InVision, Optimal Workshop
Role: UX designer, researcher
Solution: Click here
CrowdLobby is a Virginia based startup comprised of former Washington D.C. insiders who are dedicated to problem-solving and empowering the American people. Knowing what variables actualize change in government, they left D.C. to follow their passion. What they created is a uniquely bipartisan crowdfunding platform for everyday Americans to contribute directly to political causes. Unlike other platforms, the aim of Crowdlobby is to fund a lobbyist to work for a specific political cause. Once a campaign has reached its funding threshold of $50K the campaign will become ‘active’ and the lobbyist will work toward that cause for the next 12 months.
Having newly launched their platform, CrowdLobby was looking to optimize the user experience in order to increase contributions to their campaigns.
To gain context my team developed a research plan. We wanted to cast a wide net as we knew both ‘political contributions’ and ‘Crowdfunding’ to be vast and complex domains. We gave particular attention to Crowdlobby’s competitors, donors/potential donors of both CrowdLobby and other crowdfunding platforms, and to understanding trends around political contributions via digital platforms. We gained many insights along the way but let’s clear up one thing first…
Lob·by·ist | \ ˈlä-bē-ist \
Definition of a Lobbyist
: one who conducts activities aimed at influencing or swaying public officials and especially members of a legislative body on legislation: a person engaged in lobbying public officials
(Totally legal, I checked…)
We looked at many platforms geared towards raising funds to examine players in the industry and to help inform the direction of potential feature exploration.
With only one direct competitor and projections for growth in the crowdfunding space, we recognized the opportunity for CrowdLobby to become the dominant player in their niche.
After doing preliminary research to familiarize ourselves with the current landscape, we set out to learn from donors/potential donors and experts in the field. We aimed to learn the deeper “why” behind people’s relationship with donating in order to better understand their actions, motivations, goals, and pain points.
At this point, having a much deeper understanding of the landscape and those within it, we wanted to more clearly define the exact problem to solve for. Having found many opportunities for improvement, we chose to address the most pressing issues with the little time allotted to us. Knowing that the elements that lead people to donate can be very mercurial, we wanted to design something that not only addresses the layout and hierarchy but something that also addresses the emotional body of the potential donors.
We created a set of considerations and a statement to guide our process, and inform design decisions for the needs of CrowdLobby’s potential donors.
Build users confidence in the effectiveness of funded campaigns so they are more likely to donate to campaigns that are not yet fully funded
Inform the user of every step of the process (including before a campaign is fully funded) about what their money is being used for and the progress being made
Encourage users to participate by empowering them to make a social impact
Encourage engagement with the campaign by emotionally connecting potential donors through visual elements, community engagement and well planned messaging
Potential donors need to feel personally connected to a campaign and feel sufficiently confident that donating would be impactful so that they will contribute monetarily to a campaign
Our focus was to create a modern design with distinct hierarchy as well as prominent visual and informational elements. In addition, we added a personal narrative to the content. We did this to capture the donors’ attention and inspire them on an emotional level. We felt this design was critical to bring their site up to industry standards and to give each campaign its own ‘Soul’.
Design improvements made:
We A/B tested our design against the original to measure any impact made on how people perceived the campaign, both visually and emotionally. Users were overwhelmingly in support of the new design.
Users affirmed having a stronger emotional connection to the design when compared against the original. Users attributed this to the addition of photos and videos paired with personalized messaging.
Perception of legitimacy
Users stated an increase in their perception of legitimacy when compared against the original design due to its more modernized look and structure.
We intended to mix visuals and data in order to add transparency to the campaign’s spending plan, along with the overall strategy of the campaign. From the research, we found that donors need to know how the money will be spent so that they feel confident enough to contribute.
We utilized the ‘Think Aloud’ method to gain insight into how the design was being perceived by our users. We led them through prompts like, “Think aloud about the design you’re seeing. Can you tell me a little about what it is?”. After this round of questions, we then aimed to gain clarity on how the design might affect the user’s behavior with the campaign after interacting with it. We used prompts like, “After seeing this design, would this make you more or less likely to get involved with the campaign?”. We asked many similar questions to gain the broadest understanding possible. While the overall response to this design was positive, there were critical issues that needed to be addressed in order for this design to truly have an impact.
Users stated a much higher level of transparency connected to the new design when compared against the original design. The addition of months, dollar amounts, and a rough timeline were the key elements that created this new perception. Additionally, the user experienced an increase in their sense of confidence in the campaign and in the credibility of the site.
While users stated that the graph did offer more transparency, they were confused by the layout of the graph and were confused by certain elements of its design, i.e. what each dollar amount represented and why the text spacing was irregular.
Informed by our test results, we redesigned the layout of the graph and added infographics to include an element of validation to the design. We added additional information under each event on the timeline shown only in a hover state. Ultimately, we aimed to lower the cognitive load of the potential donor so they can spend less time trying to understand the graph and more time engaging with the rest of the site.
Design improvements made:
With a new set of users, we ran the same test on the iterated design. First inquiring about the perception of the design, and second, about its potential effects on their behavior. The results showed that we had achieved a solid step in the right direction towards our goal of adding transparency to the campaign page.
Understandable at a glance
All users reported that they had no difficulty understanding the iterated design at a glance and enjoyed the additional information provided under each event on the timeline in hover state.
We sought to engage potential donors by adding elements of social proofing and gamification. Through the element of competition (who donated the highest dollar amount or referred the largest number of others that donated) we wanted donors to be able to engage with members in and out of their personal network creating a micro-community in each campaign.
Exactly similar to the Roadmap testing, first we inquired about perception, and second, about the potential effects on the user’s behavior. While the core of the concept showed promise, we uncovered some fascinating insights through the initial round of testing.
Motivating for some
Some users stated the urge to engage more with the campaign. The element of competition led some to say they might even contribute more to get onto the leaderboard.
Sense of Community
Some users stated an increased sense of community around being able to engage with other members of the platform that are committed to the same cause.
We saw the potential for this concept but knew we needed to make it less polarizing. We designed a second version of this concept informed by our findings. We removed all the elements of competition from this new version and renamed it “Shout-outs” to make it more of a special thanks concept. We also added clarification around the concept of referrals, as some users didn’t immediately understand it.
Design improvements made:
After updating both versions of our iterated design, we ran an A/B test between the two to see if one was clearly preferred by our users and could help drive user engagement. We also inquired about the potential effects on their behavior after engaging with both designs independently. While the core concept (social proofing) did prove to be emotionally stimulating, our goal of depolarizing the design wasn’t fully achieved.
Social Proofing Confirmed
All users responded positively to seeing others engaged in the campaign. This concept also helped to make the platform more credible and motivate individuals to get involved.
Our final design implemented a distinct hierarchy, a modern aesthetic and additional content, allowing potential donors easier access to information that was not previously provided. The design now offers the transparency that donors need and allows them to become emotionally connected to the campaign through prominent and personalized media, community engagement through an FAQ section, updates, a comments section, a financial spending plan called “Roadmap” and crucially, strategic messaging. We have included a pared-down version of our social proofing inspired design called “shouts-outs”, only showing who has donated and listed by the most recent contributors at the top. There is also the ability to donate anonymously. Each campaign on the Crowdlobby platform will now be run by an individual host instead of the stakeholders at Crowdlobby. This way the campaign messaging and media can easily be personalized and representative of those behind the campaign.
The language in interview questions
Language is everything and the power of subtlety cannot be overstated. When working to uncover the intangible elements that affect people’s emotions, every word matters. Although our interview questions were thorough, I found that we had many opportunities to be even more specific with our language in reference to timeframe and the comparison of concepts.
Additional Divergent Concepts
We knew we wanted to incorporate the powerful concept of social proofing into our design. However, we chose to implement a design that was pre-existing and seemingly effective in the field already. In hindsight, this was a missed opportunity to design a concept that would be more suited to CrowdLobby specifically. I believe we should have been braver in developing additional divergent concepts around social proofing.
Working with remote clients
Working with a remote client over video conferencing can be a challenge. Sharing weekly design updates, slide presentations and interactive walkthroughs and workshops in a seamless fashion presented difficulties. This experience was extremely valuable in the sense that whenever challenges arose, we met those challenges and we’re able to overcome them.
Working with a platform whose success is contingent on the emotional buy-in of a donor was a challenge. I feel we met that challenge and I look forward to seeing our designs help our client change the face of American politics.